Monday, 10 December, 2018

Longer working week ups diabetes risk

Among the dictator's entourage was Kim Song-nam who is considered an expert on China Among the dictator's entourage was Kim Song-nam who is considered an expert on China
Gustavo Carr | 05 July, 2018, 01:38

The team found longer hours increased a woman's risk by 63%.

For the study, the participants' were grouped into four time bands: 15-34 hours; 35-40 hours; 41-44 hours; and 45 or more hours.

It was found that the longer duration of the work week was not associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in men, even the likelihood of diabetes declined, the longer a man worked.

Co-author of the study and postdoctoral fellow, Mahee Gilbert-Ouimet from the University of Toronto said in a statement, "If you think about all the unpaid work they do on their off-hours, like household chores for example, they simply do more than men, and that can be stressful, and stress negatively impacts your health".

The researchers from the University of Bergen in Norway show that around 7.8 per cent of people affected by workaholism, or an addiction to work. "Also, the results of one study which investigated the relationship between several work factors and fetal death76 indicated an increased rate of abortion in women working 46 or more hours a week".

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"The deleterious effect of long work hours observed among women of this study was robust to adjustment for sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics, other work-related exposures, and health conditions including hypertension, arthritis, and anxiety symptoms", the authors explained.

Overtime work may have financial rewards, but findings of a new study have revealed long hours at work may have serious consequences particularly to women. Longer-working men, however, did not face this risk. Gilbert-Ouimet added, "It's important for us to study women". Of course, that would impact women's health. Factors like gender, age, race, marital status, children, the place they lived, whether the job was active or desk-based, health issues, and other lifestyle factors were taken into account.

As per the American Diabetes Association, over 30 million people in America suffer with diabetes, with about 1.5 million of diabetes diagnosis being reported in a year. Long working hours are deeply tied to hormonal abnormalities and insulin resistance, noted the researchers.

Some researchers also claim that there is an economic argument for employers in reducing work hours to less than 40 hours a week. What's more, working hours were measured at one time point only, and it wasn't possible to deduce from the medical records which type of diabetes participants had, although type I diabetes accounts for only around one in 20 adult cases.