England then reduced India to 11 for two in 6.3 overs before heavens opened up to halt the proceedings.
England captain Joe Root had won the delayed toss and put India in to bat.
With the pitch assisting the quick bowlers and likely to do on Saturday as well, it will be interesting how much the quicks can get out of this pitch and whether or not the inclusion of Kuldeep will have a big bearing on the game or not.
It was then left to Anderson to have the final say as he capped a stunning day with the final wicket of Ishant Sharma to leave India in complete disarray.
"I thought the wicket, because of the weather we can not control, it was to bat on", he said.
"I would like to give credit to the English bowling team -- James Anderson, Stuart Broad -- they bowled really well as a unit", Rahane added. Such scrambled thinking then did for Pujara after India's No3 set off for a single in Anderson's next over.
When play resumed, seamer Chris Woakes, brought in to replace Ben Stokes, who is at a court hearing in Bristol, got the prize wicket of India skipper Virat Kohli for 23 leaving the tourists, who trail 1-0 in the series, at 49 for four.
Heavy showers lash Kerala - at least 20 dead Meanwhile, the inclement weather has forced the Kerala state electricity board to issue a third red alert in the connection. The northern districts of Palakkad and Malappuram and the hilly districts of Wayanad and Idukki were reeling under floods.
Kohli scored a gritty century in the first Test against England at Edgbaston, which was also his maiden hundred in the country.The innings helped Kohli exorcise the demons of 2014 England tour, when he scored only 134 runs in 10 innings.
Yet that was what happened off the last of the 12 balls bowled between lunch and tea.
Kohli responded, only to change his mind and retreat.
That brought 20-year-old debutant Ollie Pope to the crease and he acquitted himself well, getting off the mark with a boundary whipped behind square and swiftly reaching 28 before Hardik Pandya skidded one though to trap him in front.
But the very next delivery saw Kohli edge a Woakes outswinger and Buttler made no mistake on this occasion.
While Chris Woakes and Johnny Bairstow were tormenting the Indian bowlers, Kohli had to leave his troops to treat his sore back.
That meant Anderson got his name on the Lord's honors board yet again, thanks to a sixth haul of five wickets or more in a Test innings at the "home of cricket".