Infectious Diseases & Conditions>Influenza CDC Issues Guidance to Travelers as Influenza Season Nears Sep 10 2018
14 September, 2018, 03:17
While vaccine effectiveness can vary, studies show that flu vaccination reduces the risk of flu illness by between 40% and 60% during seasons when most circulating flu viruses are well-matched to the flu vaccine.
Older adults are also more likely to suffer complications from flu. This year's flu shots will protect against influenza A (H1N1 and H3N2) and one type of influenza B (Victoria).
The vaccination programme will also be improved by extending the nasal spray vaccine offering to primary school children in year 5 (650,000 extra children), meaning the vaccine will be offered to children in years reception, 1, 2,3, 4 and 5.
The flu vaccine will be available from early October.
PHE is in particular encouraging pregnant women; no matter how many weeks along they are, to get their vaccine from their GP, pharmacist or midwife this winter to protect them and their baby. This renders the yearly vaccine ineffective against it.
People develop antibodies against the flu about two weeks after vaccination, so they should receive a flu shot before the virus starts spreading through their community, according to the agency.
As well as getting the vaccine, practising good hand hygiene by catching coughs and sneezes in a tissue, throwing it away and washing your hands after can help limit its spread - catch it, bin it, kill it.
"The authors wrote that "...these findings suggest that biological gender differences in response to the vaccine, rather than gender differences in health care seeking or vaccination status reporting, likely explains the observed differences in influenza VE between males and females". "Most people with the flu have mild illness and don't need medical care or antiviral drugs". Anyone who works in a retirement home or assisted living facilities where those older individuals are, they're at a higher risk. Most people recover with rest in a week, but people with chronic conditions or who are over 65 should call NHS 111. "But the bottom line is, certainly getting vaccinated gives you more protection than none at all".
Investigators in this study wanted to ascertain the extent to which gender itself-not just cultural and behavioral norms around gender- could affect the effectiveness of the flu vaccine. The vaccine is offered through local Global Positioning System and pharmacies.
We can not predict with certainty which strains will circulate in the United Kingdom this winter. Although anyone can get the flu, people who are at high risk of serious illness and even death from the flu are strongly encouraged to get the flu vaccine.
The adjuvanted aTIV vaccine which PHE and the NHS are recommending this year for people aged 65 and over was licenced for use in this age group in September 2017.