Monday, 17 February, 2020

Indias climate change dilemma: Do more while U.S. shrugs off responsibility?

President Trump wants to know who ‘drew’ new report on climate change. Here’s what you need to know about the IPCC The Dave Johnson coal-fired power plant in Wyoming. AP
Sandy Nunez | 11 October, 2018, 05:39

Warming beyond that level, to 2 degrees and over, would significantly exacerbate such disasters. "They've gone from being a world laggard - Japan is going in the other direction".

The event was jointly held by the MoNRE, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with the participation of experts, managers, policymakers, scientists and businesspeople, among others.

Global warming is likely to reach 1.5 C between 2030 and 2052, according to the IPCC.

Chapter 3 contains more than half of all the references to glaciers in the report. A few years ago, Botswana's capital city Gaborone was on the brink of running out of water as the country battled its worst drought in 30 years.

- The West Antarctic ice sheet might not kick into irreversible melting. Under the same 2°C scenario, coral reefs would disappear from the world's oceans.

"His disrespect and dismissal of [the IPCC report] is outrageous and unsafe", Rep. Suzanne Bonamici (D-Ore.), the top Democrat on the House Subcommittee on the Environment, said in a phone interview. In the USA, which has the world's largest economic coal resource, the Trump administration has had a hard time fighting to save coal.

The IPCC recommended several steps needed to reverse carbon dioxide emissions, including replacing the use of fossil fuels with renewable energy such as wind and solar, as well as growing more forests, which naturally recycles CO2. While the United Nations panel says technically that's possible, it saw little chance of the needed adjustments happening.

Right now, the Earth is around 1 C hotter since pre-industrial times. It's called the 2-degree goal. "Business as usual under Liberal and Labor is a death sentence".

International Monetary Fund downgrades SA's 2018 growth forecast to 0.8%
But the fund lowered China's economic outlook for 2019 to 6.2 per cent, which would be the country's slowest growth since 1990. The May federal budget forecast 3 per cent GDP in 2018-19 and the same the following financial year.

Already, the global temperature - averaged between land and sea temperatures - has risen 1° Celsius, or 1.8° Fahrenheit, since 1880.

The new report is meant to build on that agreement, and it is exhaustive, with 132 authors, drawing on more than 6,000 peer-reviewed research articles.

Emissions will need to fall 45 per cent from 2010 levels - or 58 per cent from current levels - by 2030, the IPCC said. "And I want to look at who drew it". He likened the report to an academic exercise wondering what would happen if a frog had wings.

"If we don't quit coal, we are screwed", said Mr Bandt.

Climate change is happening and its effects are being felt all over the world, the Council said, adding that environment ministers are sending a strong political signal in these conclusions, which constitute the basis for the EU's position at the forthcoming COP24 climate conference in Katowice, Poland, in December.

The main levers that can be pulled to accelerate away from fossil fuels, as was underlined in a recent Stockholm Environment Institute Asia Centre study, are all instantly relevant to the Chinese situation: scrapping subsidies to oil, gas and coal; swapping feed-in-tariffs for auctions and promoting an open market to overcome "one of the biggest obstacles to economic development, the cost of energy" - which would be particularly revolutionary for many Southeast Asian countries where power costs are disproportionately high due to issues of maintaining baseload whatever the levels of electricity demand. They serve as an example of the interconnectedness of climate change impacts, a characteristic that creates interacting, compounding negative effects.

The climate change is real and it is illustrated by the heat wave conditions spreading like a plague in India and Pakistan. These systems consist of ecosystems and societies which have narrow spatial ranges which face firm climate constraints, and which have endemic species or other distinctive features which can not be replicated.

China is the world's largest producer, consumer and importer of coal and any genuine attempt to remove coal from the world's energy mix by 2050 will require massive commitment from Beijing.