Friday, 18 January, 2019

March of Dimes' preemie report card not looking good

Які продукти знизять ризик передчасних пологів- 24 Канал Why Are Premature Birth Rates On The Rise Again? : Shots - Health News
Gustavo Carr | 04 November, 2018, 02:10

A report shows that the preterm birth rates in the United States are on the rise for the third year in a row.

"We have to do more in this country to make sure that women have access to the right care before they're pregnant, during pregnancy, and we have to make sure that those babies are protected and healthy and whole when they're born", Stewart says.

In Florida and nationwide, racial disparities and access to care are the leading causes of preterm birth, which is defined as birth before 37 weeks. Compared to 2016, preterm birth rates in 2017 worsened in 30 states, stayed the same in 6 states and improved in 16 states. It was 9.85 percent in 2016.

Among large cities, Irvine, Calif., had the lowest preterm birth rate at 5.5 percent and Detroit had the highest rate at 14.5 percent, according to the March of Dimes report.

Babies born prematurely suffer a greater risk of breathing problems, feeding problems and are more susceptible to contracting infections. Furthermore, the three years in which birth rates continuously increased actually followed almost a decade of decline from 2007 to 2015.

'They're at a higher risk of suffering from physical disabilities, developmental disabilities, cerebral palsy and visual problems. And if they even if they don't appear in childhood, they may show up in early adulthood'.

The US received an overall "C" grade when it came to premature birth rates, but some states fared much worse. Rates remain stubbornly high in many states.

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Vermont was the only state to receive an "A" grade in the annual report.

The results showed that those pregnant women who had a level of EPA + DHA in the blood level to 1.6% (reduced), faced with premature birth 10 times more often compared to those women in whom the level of these components was above 1.6%. More than 10 million women live in counties with limited access to maternity care'. A recent March of Dimes report revealed the unequal access to maternity care across the USA, particularly in communities with higher poverty rates. "Moms are having babies at an older age than before", he points out. The highest risk of preterm births was among African-American women at 13.4 percent (between 2014 and 2016). By expanding proven programs and innovative solutions we can shift our health care system to improve treatment and preventive care for moms and lower the preterm birth rate.

Apart from the mothers' unequal access to health care, research has also shown how racial discrimination affects preterm births in that the African-American mothers who experience chronic stress from racism have higher risks of preterm births compared to those who don't.

'It could also be stress from housing conditions or some other environmental injustice or risk'.

Black women are also three to four times more likely to die from pregnancy or childbirth-related causes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. One is to get educated about "controllable risk factors including obesity and tobacco use, so women can make healthy choices to ensure a healthy pregnancy", Wider says. A big one is maternal age, he says.

'We're asking for everyone to get involved in what we are referring to as a "blanket change agenda",' she said.

Structural discrimination, says Hardeman, can determine where someone lives, their education and income levels, amenities they have access to, including health care facilities.