Sunday, 25 August, 2019

Mammograms, breast cancer treatment saving thousands of lives

Breast cancer screening should begin at 35, after trial shows it could save lives More than half a million breast cancer patient's lives saved by improvements in treatment
Gustavo Carr | 13 February, 2019, 20:28

"Screening plays a large role in early detection of breast allow the patients who are diagnosed early to have better and more favorable treatment", Schnabel said.

Based on the findings, leading United Kingdom clinicians and researchers suggest that regular screening in women identified at moderate or high risk of breast cancer could be extended from ages 40-49 to also include women aged 35-39.

With early detection offering the best survival outcomes for breast cancer patients, NICE guidelines now recommend annual screening for women aged 40-49 in England who are identified as being at "moderate" or "high" risk of the disease - following evidence of the benefit in this group reported in the FH01 trial4 in 2010.

In a recent study funded by the charity, Breast Cancer Now, it has been found that younger women with a family history of breast cancer should receive annual screenings to prevent the disease earlier.

Lives are likely to be saved by spotting these cancers earlier and the extra screening would not create a significant risk of healthy women getting needless treatment, researchers said.

Across all ages, breast cancer is the UK's most common cancer, with around 55,000 women and 350 men diagnosed each year in the UK.

Cumulative breast cancer deaths averted from 1990 to 2015 ranged from more than 305,000 women to more than 483,000 women depending on different background mortality assumptions. In this screening, 35 invasive breast cancer tumors of small size were detected before they could reach the lymphatic nodes.

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Also, Baroness Morgan appealed to the United Kingdom government to shift the NHS screening programmes with the age of 35 to 39 for women who have a history of breast cancer.

The study suggests an estimated 86,000 women in their late 30s would benefit from annual screenings.

"While this trial is really encouraging, these are the first results to show that screening would be effective for this age group - and it may still be some time before this option could be extended to women aged 35-39".

Lead author Professor Evans described the results of the trial as "very promising".

Baroness Morgan said: "Early detection remains absolutely critical to stopping women dying from breast cancer". Women age 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year. But those reports have also often neglected "the most important aspect of screening - that finding and treating breast cancer early saves women's lives", Hendrick said.

He said more research is now needed to determine the impact of this screening on women's overall survival.

An NHS England spokeswoman said an upcoming review by Professor Mike Richards will consider changes to the screening programme.