Among the requirements: US citizenship and a master's degree in one of the STEM fields: science, technology, engineering or math.
Further, candidates must also pass NASA's physical test, as well as two years of the basic training program, in addition to completing military water survival and becoming SCUBA certified, along with passing robotics skills and Russian language training, among another requirement.
NASA will send the first woman and next man to the Moon by 2024, which is part of its Artemis program, and apply lessons learned there to send astronauts to Mars. "For the handful of highly talented women and men we will hire to join our diverse astronaut corps, it's an incredible time in human spaceflight", said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.
Despite the delays, NASA is still aiming to put "the first woman and the next man on the moon by 2024" with its Artemis program, Bridenstine said during his State of NASA speech at NASA's Stennis Space Center in MS on Monday, repeating a motto that he shares just about every time he has a microphone and an audience. NASA has announced its graduate degree in engineering, physics, computer science, biology and mathematics as a prerequisite.
Applicants should also come with at least two years of "progressively responsible" work experience in their fields.
NASA saw a record number of applicants for its 2017 astronaut class.
As part of the application process, applicants will, for the first time, be required to take an online assessment that will require up to two hours to complete. Or they could launch on new spacecraft and dock at Gateway, the new spaceship that NASA is planning that will orbit the moon.
Fresh-faced astronauts could find themselves living and working 250 miles from Earth aboard the ISS.
After completing training, the new astronauts could launch on United States rockets and spacecraft developed for NASA's Commercial Crew Program to live and work aboard the International Space Station, 250 miles above Earth, where they will take part in experiments that benefit life at home and prepare us for more distant exploration.
NASA wants to get to the South Pole of the moon by 2024 - and it wants to send a woman there for the first time, along with another man.
After returning humans to our satellite in 2024, NASA plans to establish sustainable lunar exploration before the end of the decade.