Saturday, 31 October, 2020

Humanity will explore the moon without Russia’s participation: a historic agreement signed

Aerial view of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package during a testing phase late 1960s Aerial view of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package during a testing phase late 1960s
Sandy Nunez | 16 October, 2020, 15:51

Part of the work with global partners, including the European Space Agency, will see companies from around the world, including the United Kingdom, bid to build the technology that will be used on or around the moon.

The new rules, named the Artemis Accords, lay down a code for signatory members which include Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the United Arab Emirates, the U.K. and the U.S. NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine says that he expects more countries to join in the coming months and years, reports Marcia Dunn for the Associated Press.

Under the pact, the USA will seek to send the first woman to the moon as early as 2024, as part of a project called Artemis.

The announcement came a day after Dmitry Rogozin, the head of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, said Moscow was unlikely to participate in the Gateway space station, marking the probable end of the type of close cooperation seen for two decades on the International Space Station (ISS).

NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) are also preparing a Memorandum of Understanding on their moon exploration partnership, to supplement the agreement, the BBC said.

India Oxenberg Photos, News, and Videos
Raniere was convicted previous year of racketeering, sex trafficking, and other charges and is now awaiting sentencing. Raniere is scheduled to be sentenced October 27 and three others, including Mack, are awaiting sentencing.

Canadian Space Agency president Lisa Campbell welcomed the accords but said more work needs to be done to tighten space regulations. With today's signing, we are joining forces with our partners to explore the Moon and establishing vital principles that will create a secure, peaceful and prosperous future in space for all of humanity.

British companies will be able to bid to build all or parts of the European Space Agency's housing and service units on the station, and NASA will have their own housing and service units built by U.S. manufacturers. In addition, China, another space power, is among the countries that do not have a signature in the agreements.

Science minister Amanda Solloway said: "The prospect of the first woman landing on the Moon in the coming years will be a source of inspiration for thousands of young people across the United Kingdom who may be considering a career in space or science".

The Artemis Accords proposed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration seeks to establish a set of principles for space exploration including lunar resource extraction.

"Artemis will be the broadest and most diverse worldwide human space exploration program in history, and the Artemis Accords are the vehicle that will establish this singular global coalition", NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said.