Tuesday, 20 October, 2020

United Nations arms embargo ends against Iran

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said in a tweet that the international community had 'protected' the nuclear deal. — Reuters pic Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said in a tweet that the international community had'protected the nuclear deal. — Reuters pic
Deanna Wagner | 18 October, 2020, 20:10

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said in a tweet that the global community had "protected" the nuclear deal and Sunday marked the "normalization of Iran's cooperation with the world".

At the time, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo threatened Russian Federation and China with possible sanctions if they disregarded the US decision.

Iran urged the United States to "abandon its destructive approach vis-a-vis Resolution 2231", adding that American attempts to "violate" the resolution had been "categorically rejected several times in the past three months by the Security Council".

Iran also said it was self-reliant in its defense and had no need to go on a weapons buying spree.

"The United States is prepared to use its domestic authorities to sanction any individual or entity that materially contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer of conventional arms to or from Iran", Pompeo said in a statement.

Tehran has made strides in ramping up its local production of conventional weapons and defensive capabilities under the pressure of multilateral sanctions over the past decades.

"With the expiration of the arms embargo on Iran today, we must be stronger and more determined than ever".

In August, the United States - which pulled out of the JCPOA under President Donald Trump in 2018 - tried to extend the UN arms embargo on Iran, in a move that was anticipated to fail as it effectively relied upon the very agreement that the USA had abandoned.

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The objective was to keep Iran from developing nuclear capabilities in exchange for economic sanctions relief.

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In August, the Trump administration triggered a process aimed at restoring all U.N. sanctions, after the U.N. Security Council rejected a USA bid to extend the conventional arms embargo on the country.

The Trump administration insisted in August it has re-invoked United Nations sanctions on Iran via a clause in the agreement, but the claim has largely gone ignored by the global community given Washington's withdrawal from the deal. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres also told the council he would not take any action on the USA declaration.

There is concern in Iran that softening relations between Gulf nations and the United States could unlock further sales.

When asked whether the United States would target Russian Federation and China with sanctions if they refuse to reimpose the U.N. measures on Iran, Pompeo said: "Absolutely".

"We recall that the European Union embargoes on conventional arms exports and missile technology will remain in force until 2023", they said.