Sunday, 24 October, 2021

China to allow couples to have 3 children as its population ages

China to allow couples to have third child China relaxes birth policy allows couples to have third child
Cary Erickson | 31 May, 2021, 19:05

In 1979, China imposed a policy forcing couples to have only one baby, introduced by top leader Deng Xiaoping to curb population growth and boost economic development.

Since 1978, China harshly implemented the one-child policy, leading to forced abortions and infanticides across the country.

Data also showed a fertility rate of just 1.3 children per woman for 2020 alone, on a par with aging societies like Japan and Italy.

The demographic shift in China has significant economic and political implications for the world's second biggest economy.

Beijing scrapped its decades-old one-child policy in 2016, replacing it with a two-child limit to try and stave off risks to its economy from a rapidly aging population.

Also on Monday, China's politburo said it would phase-in delays in the country's retirement ages, but did not provide any details.

The share of working-age people 15 to 59 in the population fell to 63.3 per cent past year from 70.1 per cent a decade earlier, according to the census data.

China's fertility rate stands at 1.3 - below the level needed to maintain a stable population, the National Bureau of Statistics revealed.

APA census released this month showed China's population grew at the lowest pace in decades. The United Nations predicts the number of people living in mainland China will peak in 2030 before declining. I go out early and get back late.

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But after a brief rise the next year, births declined. It would also look to educate young people "on marriage and love".

Ye Liu, lecturer in worldwide development at King's College London, said the new policy was "unlikely to incentivise birth rates dramatically".

Urban couples, particularly those born after 1990, tend to value their independence and careers more than raising a family despite parental pressure to have children. But that failed to result in a sustained surge in births given the high cost of raising children in Chinese cities, a challenge that persists to this day.

According to a 2005 report by a state think-tank, it cost 490,000 yuan ($AU99,532) for an ordinary family in China to raise a child. But demographers say if China followed trends in Thailand, parts of India and other countries, the number of additional babies might have been as low as a few million.

"For Chinese millennials one couple must support four grandparents as well as three kids?"

"Secondly, the cost of raising a kid is outrageous (in Shanghai)", she said, in comments made before the 2020 census was published.

According to China's last population census, in 2010, there were 13 million unregistered citizens, nearly one percent of the country's total population.

The census recorded 264 million in the age group of 60 and over, up 5.44% since 2010 and accounting for 18.70% of the population.